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Glaucoma is an eye disease that damages the optic nerve in your eyes. This usually occurs when extra fluid builds up in the front section of your eye, increasing pressure and damaging the optic nerve.
Although glaucoma is the leading cause of blindness in individuals 60 years old and older, glaucoma can actually be prevented if treated early.
Types of Glaucoma
There are two major types of glaucoma.
Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma
This is the most common type of glaucoma in older people. This type of glaucoma happens gradually, they fluid in the eye slowly building up and not draining fluid as it should. This type of glaucoma doesn’t cause vision changes and is painless.
This type occurs when the iris is close the drainage angle in the eye and blocks the drainage angle. Once the drainage angle is totally blocked, eye pressure quickly rises and can cause blindness if not treated immediately.
Am I At Risk?
There are a number of factors that can influence whether or not you could be at risk for glaucoma. Check out the infographic from The National Eye Institue to learn more:
Is There a Cure?
Unfortunately, there is currently no cure for glaucoma. However, most cases can be treated with prescription eye drops, oral medication, laser treatments, or surgery.
Am I Covered?
If you are a Medicare beneficiary, annual eye exams are covered for those who are high risk for glaucoma.
If you currently do not have vision insurance, Bell & Associates Consulting Firm is more than happy to help you find affordable coverage so you can get your yearly eye exams and take preventative steps to manage glaucoma.